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by Margaret Redfern
Most naturalists have come across the familiar examples such as oak apples, robin's pincushions, marble galls and witches' broom. The author explores these fascinating complexities providing insight into the variety of galls, of different types caused by a wide range of organisms including fungi, insects and mites. Discusses their ecology and focuses on communities of organisms within galls, the evolution and distribution, and human and historical perspectives.